Ambedkar Jayanti 2023: What is annihilation of castes?

Annihilation of Caste is a seminal work by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a social reformer, and a leading figure in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. The book, which was originally written in 1936, is a passionate critique of the caste system in India, which Ambedkar argued was one of the greatest obstacles to the country’s progress and development.

The book is based on a speech that Ambedkar had planned to deliver at a conference in Lahore in 1936. However, the speech was never delivered, as the organizers of the conference objected to its content, which they felt was too radical and controversial. Undeterred, Ambedkar decided to publish the speech as a book, which he hoped would reach a wider audience and provoke a debate on the caste system and its impact on Indian society.

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The main argument of Annihilation of Caste is that the caste system is a form of social apartheid, which divides people into rigid hierarchies based on birth and occupation. Ambedkar argues that the caste system is not only discriminatory but also irrational, as it hinders social and economic progress by denying opportunities to the most talented and capable individuals in society.

Annihilation of Caste: Full PDF is here

Ambedkar further contends that the caste system is not just a social evil but also a religious one, as it is based on the Hindu scriptures, which sanctify the system and legitimize the oppression of lower castes by the upper castes. He argues that the only way to break the stranglehold of the caste system is to reject Hinduism and embrace a new religion that is based on the principles of equality and social justice.

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Ambedkar’s solution to the problem of caste is radical and controversial. He advocates for the complete annihilation of the caste system, which he believes can only be achieved through a revolutionary transformation of Indian society. He argues that the lower castes must unite and demand their rights, and that the upper castes must be compelled to abandon their privileges and embrace a new social order based on equality and justice.

Annihilation of Caste is a powerful and eloquent critique of the caste system and its impact on Indian society. It is a call to action for all those who believe in the principles of equality and social justice and a challenge to those who defend the status quo. The book remains a significant work of Indian political thought and a source of inspiration for all those who are committed to building a more just and equitable society.

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