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What is myositis? Here’s all you need to know

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South actress recently opened up about her suffering from myositis. Lets know what is myositis?

What is myositis?

Myositis happens due to inflammation in the muscles or in simple words you can say that it happens when the immune system of the body starts attacking muscles. It also depends on the type of myositis one has. According to Indian Journal of Rheumatology, the prevalence of this disease is around 4-22 cases per one lakh people.

What are the types of myositis:

Dermatomyositis
Inclusion-body myositis
Juvenile myositis
Polymyositis
Toxic myositis

What are the causes

Experts, however, still not sure about the cause of this disease but it is believed that sometimes it occurs on its own and is sometimes triggered by other health conditions.

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What are the symptoms of myositis?

Muscle pain, muscle soreness, fatigue, trouble swallowing and difficulty in breathing are some common symptoms of myositis. Fever, weight loss and joint pain are some other symptoms of it.

How myositis affects body

Myositis usually targets the arms, shoulders, legs, hips, abdomen and spinal muscles. Moreover, it can affect the muscles of esophagus (food pipe), diaphragm and eyes at the advanced stage.

Generally, people suffering from myositis experience difficulty in standing up after sitting, lifting objects and climbing stairs.

Experts also believe that myositis may also be caused by autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus and viruses such as the common cold, flu, and HIV drug toxicity.

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How to deal with myositis

Doctors usually suggest consuming steroids and immunosuppressive drugs to treat myositis but there is no certain medical treatment for this disease that fits the requirements. Moreover, doctors recommend immunosuppressant drugs along with physical therapy, exercise, stretching, and yoga which can help keep muscles strong and flexible and prevent muscle atrophy.

Diet and recovery

Increase the number of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your daily diet.

Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, for instance, salmon, flax seeds, nuts, hemp, and fish oil supplements can be a better pick.

Protein-rich diet like soy and its products, legumes, yogurt, pulses and fish instead of animal proteins.

Processed and refined foods, foods containing preservatives, high fructose corn syrup and pastries should be avoided.

Replace the refined flour with whole grains and millet varieties.

Nuts like cashews, walnuts, and almonds and seeds like pumpkin, sesame, and flax seeds can be add-ons.

(Ends)

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