Every year 10 November is celebrated as World Immunization Day. Every year, about 3 million people are immunized with the help of many dangerous diseases like pneumonia, hepatitis, diphtheria, measles and cholera. After the child is born, some special medicines are given to her with the help of vaccines. The immune system of young children is not strong enough to fight against viruses and bacteria. They are vaccinated to strengthen this immunity. According to WHO, about 20 to 3 million children are saved from death each year due to vaccination.
How do vaccines work
Vaccines work by mimicking disease-causing bacteria and causing an immune response in the body. Antibodies thus produced remain in the memory cells of the body and if there is an actual infection, the body is ready with defense mechanisms.
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Important things related to vaccination
If you are 18 years old, then get Hepatitis B vaccine. Hepatitis is an infectious disease caused by the B virus, which affects the liver.
Tetanus toxoid vaccine should be taken after every 10 years and extra dose after every 5 years.
Those over 60 years of age should get herpes juster talkie. Actually, immunity becomes weak in old age, so this vaccine needs to be vaccinated.
Taking the vaccine periodically will make you less ill than others.
Vaccination can save heart and diabetes patients in serious conditions.
Vaccination is also very important for pregnant women. This keeps both mother and baby healthy.
‘Immunization is one of the most inexpensive and effective ways to avoid deadly diseases. Every year around 5 lakh children die due to lack of immunization and in India more than 20% of children die from this figure. Partially immunized and unimmunized children are the most likely to die of communicable diseases as compared to fully immunized children. We need to work on many levels. Such as raising awareness about it, starting a campaign to end diseases and involving schools in the immunization process, etc. The private sector should also play a role in reaching out to parents and raising awareness about the importance of immunization. ‘
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Dr. P. Venkata Krishnan, Internal Medicine, Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
– The first important vaccine for a child is the BCG vaccine, which should be administered within 2 weeks of its birth. This vaccine is applied to prevent measles.
– Hepatitis B vaccine with first vaccine after birth and second vaccine after 4 weeks, third after 8 weeks.
– Hepatitis A vaccine, which is applied once after 1 year of birth and again 6 months after the previous vaccine.
– DTP vaccine – 6 weeks after birth, first vaccine has to be applied several times after that.
– Rotavirus Vaccine- This vaccine is applied at the age of 2, 4 and 6 months.
Typhoid Vaccine- First vaccine after 9 months and second after 15 months
‘Immunization process is very cheap and effective in preventing communicable and infection-related diseases in children. Without vaccination, these preventable diseases become fatal in children. If you want to provide your child with all the necessary vaccines, then give birth to the child in an institution such as giving birth in a hospital or healthcare center under the supervision of a trend medical professional. Immunization is a safe procedure, except for minor side effects such as swelling, redness, or slight fever, and is important to protect the child from diseases after antibodies from the mother. ‘